Case Of Roe Vs. Wade: 10 Critical Facts Of This Landmark Decision

What Is Roe Vs. Wade

The case of Roe vs. Wade is one of the most controversial and significant Supreme Court decisions in American history. On January 22, 1973, the court issued a 7–2 ruling that declared abortion a constitutional right.

This case has been debated for years and is still considered by many to be the most crucial ruling made by the Supreme Court. This article will discuss ten critical facts about Roe vs. Wade that everyone should know.


In the early 1970s, abortion was illegal in most states. In Texas, where the case originated, there were exceptions for when the mother’s life was in danger or if the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest. But otherwise, abortion was strictly prohibited.

A young woman named Norma McCorvey (using the pseudonym “Jane Roe”) became pregnant and wished to have an abortion but could not obtain one legally in Texas.

She filed a lawsuit against the state of Texas, claiming that the state’s abortion laws were unconstitutional. Her case eventually made its way to the Supreme Court.

Summary Of Roe Vs. Wade

In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court ruled that abortions were constitutional.

The court said that the right to privacy, found in the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, includes a woman’s right to have an abortion.

The court also ruled that states could not place an “undue burden” on women seeking abortions, and this meant that states could not put too many restrictions on abortion clinics or make it too difficult for women to get abortions.

Before And After

Before Roe vs. Wade, only about 500,000 legal abortions were performed each year in the United States. But after the case was decided, that number increased dramatically. In 2017, over one million legal abortions were performed in the United States.

Still Controversial

Even though it has been over 45 years since the Roe vs. Wade case was decided, it is still a very contentious issue.

Some believe that abortion should be illegal in all cases, and some think that women should have the right to choose what happens to their bodies.

The Roe vs. Wade case continues to be debated today, and the debate will likely continue for many years to come.

Restrictions Since Roe vs. Wade

Since Roe vs. Wade was decided, many states have placed restrictions on abortion. These restrictions can make it difficult for women to get an abortion and even illegal.

For example, many states have passed laws that require women to get counseling before getting an abortion. Some states have also passed laws that ban certain types of abortions, such as so-called “partial-birth” abortions.

Roe vs. Wade Challenges

There have been many challenges to the Roe vs. Wade case since it was decided.

In 1992, the Supreme Court heard the subject of Planned Parenthood v. Casey, and this case challenged some of the restrictions placed on abortion by states.

The Supreme Court upheld the prior ruling of Roe vs. Wade but said that states could place more restrictions on abortion.


Even though Roe vs. Wade is one of the most important Supreme Court cases in recent history, many people are unaware of the details of the case.

This is likely because the subject is still very controversial, and there is a lot of misinformation.

What Year Was Roe Vs. Wade

The case of Roe Vs. Wade was decided on January 22, 1973. This date is significant because it is the anniversary of the Roe vs. Wade case.

Every year on this date, pro-choice and pro-life activists hold rallies and marches to protest or support abortion rights.

Case Of Roe Vs. Wade

The Roe vs. Wade case was initially titled “Roe v. Wade.”

The case got its name from the plaintiff, Norma McCorvey (known as “Jane Roe” in the case), and the defendant, Henry Wade (the district attorney of Dallas County, Texas).


The case of Roe vs. Wade has had a lasting impact on the United States, and it has led to increased access to abortion and has made it a more controversial issue.

The case is still being debated today, and the debate will likely continue for many years to come. Thank you for reading. We hope this article was informative and helpful.

Originally published at on May 4, 2022.



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