Government Checks And Balances Definition: 7 Things To Know

Do you know what government checks and balances are? This is a complex topic, but we will try to break it down for you in this blog post. There are many different checks and balances in the government, and each one plays a vital role in keeping our democracy functioning.

In this article, we will discuss 10 of the most important ones. We will also explain what each one does and give examples of how they work. Keep reading to learn more!

Government Checks And Balances Definition

A system of government in which power is divided among three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. This system is designed to prevent anyone branch from becoming too powerful.

When the government is organized in this way, it is also known as the separation of powers. In the United States, these three branches include Congress, the President and his Cabinet, and the Supreme Court. Some other countries have similar systems, such as parliamentary democracies or presidential republics.

7 Government Checks And Balances

Power Separation

The first government check and balance is the separation of powers. This means that the government is divided into three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

Each branch has its powers and responsibilities. The executive branch, for example, is responsible for carrying out laws, and the legislative branch makes laws. And the judicial branch interprets laws.

This separation of powers ensures that no one branch of government becomes too powerful. It also allows each branch to check and balance the others. For example, the president can veto a law that Congress passes. But Congress can override a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote in both houses.


Another essential government check and balance is federalism. This means that power is divided between the federal and state governments. The Constitution gives the federal government specific capabilities to make laws, declare war, and print money. State governments have other powers, such as setting up schools and regulating businesses.

This division of power ensures that no one level of government becomes too powerful. It also allows different levels of government to check and balance each other. For example, the federal government can pass a law that the states have to follow. But the states can challenge the law in court.


The fourth check on government power is the election process. This is how we choose our leaders. Every four years, we elect a president. And every two years, we elect members of Congress. We also elect state and local officials.

This process ensures that the people have a say in who governs them. It also allows us to hold our leaders accountable for their actions. If we don’t like what they’re doing, we can vote them out of office.

The fifth check on government power is the media. The media is how we get information about what our leaders are doing. We watch the news, read newspapers, and listen to the radio. The media can also help us hold our leaders accountable.

Public Opinion

The sixth check on government power is public opinion, and this is what people think about the government and its policies. The media can influence public opinion, but it can also be affected by personal experience or word of mouth.


The seventh check on government power is protests and demonstrations. When people are unhappy with the government, they may express their opinions through marches or demonstrations. This can help pressure the government to make changes.


The eighth and final check on government power is violence. When all other checks and balances fail, people may resort to violence, which is usually a last resort and can have dangerous consequences.


That’s it for this blog post! We hope you now have a better understanding of government checks and balances. Stay tuned for more blog posts about government and politics! Thanks for reading!

Originally published at on May 2, 2022.



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